MTA Law Working Papers
A Jogtudományi Intézet műhelytanulmányai
In today's diverse Europe, the wearing of religious symbols is an increasingly current issue. In recent years, Judaeo-Christian symbols have been challenged at international human rights forums, as have symbols (including attires that cover the entire face or body) of the Muslim communities, which make up around 4% of Europe's population . The intersectionality of external manifestations of religious belief, and in particular the wearing of Muslim religious symbols cannot be overlooked. When a Muslim woman is discriminated against because of a headscarf (or other traditional head covering or dress), discrimination typically involves three elements: religion, gender and (real or perceived) national/ethnic origin, which are linked together to form a complex discrimination ground that can have a decisive influence not only on the social integration of the persons directly concerned, but also of entire generations.